2.1. Description of Transport and Logistics services: Transport and Logistic Services mean services of any kind relating to the carriage (performed by single mode or multimodal transport means), consolidation, storage, handling, packing or distribution of the Goods, as well as ancillary and advisory services in connection therewith, including but not limited to Customs and fiscal matters, declaring the Goods for official purposes, procuring insurance of the Goods and collecting or procuring payment or documents relating to the Goods.
2.2. Logistics Service Provider’s description: In the field of freight transportation, the Logistics Service Provider (LSP) is the natural or legal person who has received the authorisation certificates or operating permits, in accordance with the applicable legislation, to have the goods transported on its own or its Customer’s behalf and account by using the means, capabilities and capacities deriving from the services contracted on behalf of the Customer in the area of transport, storage, packing, labelling, packaging, order management, Customs, insurance, distribution, etc.
2.3. Transport document: Transport document means the evidence of the contract concluded between the consignor of the goods and the operator who holds the authorisation certificate and/or operating permit for the carriage of the goods, and contains the information described in the relevant legislation, or the carriage invoice, waybill or consignment note, which may replace the transport document, if containing the information which must be found in such contractual document.
2.4. Carrier: Carrier means the natural or legal person holding the authorisation certificate or the operating license in accordance with the applicable legislation, who accepts the contractual obligation to carry the traded goods and deliver these to the consignee by ensuring that the goods are transported from their departure point to their designated destination.
2.5. Customer: In the field of freight transportation, Customer means the natural or legal person who holds the rights and obligations of the transportation and logistics services contract concluded with the LSP.
2.6. Cargo and/or Goods: The terms Cargo and/or Goods refer to any property or merchandise, including livestock, that appears to be suitable for transport, including containers, packing materials, pallets or similar transport equipment which is not provided or procured by the LSP.
2.7. SDR: The Special Drawing Right (SDR) represents a monetary unit as defined by the International Monetary Fund. If the SDR is to be used for evaluation purposes, its value shall correspond to the exchange rate published by the Central Bank of Turkey at the date of the event to be evaluated, unless otherwise provided by the Law applicable in the Republic of Turkey in this occurrence.
2.8. Mandatory Law: Mandatory Law means any legal provisions in the relevant legislation that cannot be changed by or with the mutual consent of the parties.
2.9. In Written Form or in Writing: Subject to applicable law, the expression "in written form" or "in writing" includes and is not limited to all communications and records made by registered electronic mail, electronic mail, telegraph, telex, telefax and similar messages and/or other electronic means of communication.
2.10. Valuable Goods: The expression "valuable goods" refers to bullion or processed gold, metal or paper money, valuable documents, precious stones, jewellery, antiques, paintings, works of art and any similar item.
2.11. Hazardous (or Dangerous) Substance (or Goods or Cargo): The expression "Hazardous (or Dangerous) Substance (or Goods or Cargo)" refers to substances, merchandise, goods or cargo (regardless of their nature, including radioactive materials) that appear to be and/or are toxic, flammable, explosive, noxious and/or otherwise dangerous for the environment and/or that may carry the risk of destroying or damaging any property or person, and are therefore officially classified as hazardous (or dangerous) materials (or goods, or cargo) in the National Law and/or International Conventions.
2.12. Delay: Except where otherwise provided by Mandatory Law, the term "delay" means exceeding the reasonable time required to carry out the agreed performance, in particular if referred to the carriage of the goods, or exceeding the agreed period for such performance to take place, unless the reasons for such delay to occur derive from the requirements of the contracted services.